What is Zina (adultery) in Islam | Types of Zina in Islam

If a man has intercourse with a woman who is not his wife, it is called adultery. Sleeping with a woman is not necessarily adultery, but touching is also part of adultery, and looking at a non-woman is adultery with the eyes.

Adultery is considered a great sin in Islam, and Islam has punished those who do it in this world, And after death, Allah will punish them severely.

Understanding Zina in Islam: Types, Definition, Examples, and Repentance

Zina is a major concept in Islam that refers to unlawful sexual relations. Zina is a major concept in Islam that refers to unlawful sexual relations. Zina is a serious sin under Islamic teachings. We will cover the numerous facets of zinā  in the next section, including:

1. its varieties, 

2. what constitutes zina, 

3. examples of Zina, 

4. the Islamic perspective on zina, 

5. the process of repentance.

I. Types of Zina in Islam:

Zina al-Bil Jabr (Rape)

Zina al-Bil Jabr, or rape, refers to sexual activities with someone beyond the confines of a valid marriage without their agreement. It is a major breach of a person’s rights and autonomy, and Islam strongly opposes non-consensual sexual actions. zinā al-Bil Jabr covers acts of rape and sexual assault, which inflict bodily, mental, and psychological trauma onto the victims. In Islamic beliefs, consent, respect, and the preservation of dignity are crucial in any sexual interaction, and perpetrators of such acts are subject to harsh punishment under Islamic legal systems. Society must aggressively address and oppose rape, increase awareness, help victims, and build a safe and just society where individuals are protected from such crimes.

Zina al-Muhshannah (Adultery):

Adultery openly describes sexual interactions between a married individual and somebody other than their husband or wife.

It is regarded as a terrible violation of trust and the sacredness of marriage.

What is Considered Zina?

In Islam, Zina extends beyond the actual act of sexual intercourse. She includes various connected activities that contribute to the degradation of moral values and society. Some actions that are considered zinā include:

  • Physical Intercourse:

Engaging in sexual intercourse outside of a legitimate marriage.

  • Foreplay and Physical Intimacy:

Participating in intimate behaviors such as kissing, caressing, or fondling outside of wedlock.

  • Flirting and Obscene Conversations:

Engaging in provocative or graphic dialogues that promote illicit impulses and sexual wrongdoing.

  • Viewing Pornographic Material:

Watching or accessing obscene content that incites sexual cravings and promotes immorality.

  • Masturbation:

Self-stimulation for sexual pleasure is regarded as banned in Islam.

Examples of Zina:

  • Extramarital Affairs:

Participating in sexual interactions with another individual apart from one’s partner.

  • Prostitution:

In Islam, it is haram for anyone to provide sexual services in exchange of money.

  • One-Night Stands:

Engaging in sexual contact with someone for a brief duration without any commitment.

  • Homosexual Acts:

Any sexual interaction between members of the same gender is banned in Islam.

Zina According to Islam:

In accordance with Islamic teachings, Zina is a major crime. It is considered one of the gravest transgressions against self-respect, morality, and the wedding sacrament. Islam promotes the sacredness of marriage and the significance of retaining chastity. Zina is regarded as a trespass against the commandments of God and against the natural laws of society.

The consequences of partaking in zinā can vary in this life and hereafter. In this reality, it can lead to destroyed families, emotional pain, and societal upheaval. In the hereafter, it may result in harsh punishment unless real repentance is attempted.

How to Repent for Zina:

Repentance is a fundamental element of requesting forgiveness in Islam. To repent for indulging in Zina, one must complete these steps:

  • Recognize the Sin:

Acknowledge the magnitude of the sin committed and appreciate its implications.

  • Cease the Act:

Immediately avoid engaging in Zina and isolate oneself from situations that may lead to temptation.

  • Feel Remorse and Regret:

Feel real guilt for the actions committed and express repentance to Allah.

  • Seek Forgiveness:

Turn to Allah in true contrition, asking His pardon and kindness.

  • Make a Firm Resolution:

Make a real resolve to abstain from zina, seeking to lead a blameless life.

  • Perform Good Deeds:

Engage in acts of worship, charity, and kindness to purify the soul and seek Allah’s mercy.

  • Find Support:

Surround oneself with a supportive group and seek guidance from educated folks to preserve a righteous path.


As described in Islam, Zina comprises many forms of unlawful sexual behavior that go against the norms of modesty, purity, and marital sanctity. Understanding the seriousness of Zina and its effects is vital for anyone seeking to adhere to Islamic principles. Through repentance and a commitment to leading a good life, one can seek pardon from Allah and strive for spiritual progress. May we all try to preserve the principles of Islam and lead lives that reflect righteousness and purity. wiki

What is zina punishment in the Quran?

Under Islamic jurisdiction, a person who commits adultery can be severely punished. For an unmarried person who commits the sin, the Quran says;

اَلزَّانِيَةُ وَالزَّانِىْ فَاجْلِـدُوْا كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِّنْهُمَا مِائَةَ جَلْـدَةٍ ۖ وَّلَا تَاْخُذْكُمْ بِهِمَا رَاْفَـةٌ فِىْ دِيْنِ اللّـٰهِ اِنْ كُنْتُـمْ تُؤْمِنُـوْنَ بِاللّـٰهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْاٰخِرِ ۖ وَلْيَشْهَدْ عَذَابَهُمَا طَـآئِفَةٌ مِّنَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ (2)
As for female and male fornicators, give each of them one hundred lashes, and do not let pity for them make you lenient in enforcing the law of Allah, if you truly believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a number of believers witness their punishment.


What actions are considered Zina in Islam?

The Zina which neccessiates the Hadd punishment is Zina of the private parts I.e. when two people have sexual intercouse. Zina does not only take place with the private parts, it takes place with the eyes, mouth, ears, hands. Zina of the eyes is looking at forbidden things, Zina with the mouth is speaking, ears listening, hands touching. But only Zina of the private parts incur the punishment in this world.

what Is zina is haram in Islam?

All Sunni Muslim jurists agree that anal sex is haram (prohibited), based on the hadith of Muhammad.

zina meaning in islam

illicit sexual relations

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